Post coital bleeding is a risk for cervical cell abnormality

Fatehiya Majeed Noori

  Gynecology and Obstetrics Department / Azadi Teaching Hospital, Kirkuk governorate, Iraq

* Corresponding author: fathiadr@yahoo.com

DOI: https://doi.org/10.32441/kjps.04.01.p6

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ABSTRACT:

Postcoital bleeding is a worrying, for both women and health care provider. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of abnormal cervical cytology among patient with PCB in the private outpatient care setting, and to identify risk-factors for cervical pathology among these patients. A cross sectional study of 90 patients presented to the privet clinic, during the period 1st feb-1st Des. 2019. Inclusion criteria include married women presented with post coital bleeding, non-pregnant, all patients undergo Pap Smear Cytology.

The commonest age presented with PCB was 40-44 years old 22(24.4%), followed by (45-49) years and (25-29) years 18(20%). Those aged ≥40 years 44(48.9%), and those aged ≤34 34(37.8%). The mean parity was 4.7±2.8, hormonal contraception was commonly used by those with PCB followed by intra uterine contraceptive device (IUCD), 30(33.3%), 18(20) respectively. Most of the patient were House wives 78(86.7%), The physical examination show that most patient had cervical erosion 68(75.5%), followed by healthy cervix in 12(13.3%), while suspicious features was found among 6(6.7%), Moderate and sever dysplasia was found more among those aged ≥40 years 10(22.7%), while it was 4(8.7%) among those aged < 40 years.

there is higher prevalence of High-grade squamous intraepithelial lesions among females with PCB, and non- significant difference among those aged less or more than 40 years. Therefore it’s important to examine any patient complaining of PCB with PAP smear cytology and colposcopy examination.

Keywords: postcoital bleeding, irregular vaginal bleeding, Pap smear.

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